‘Euthanasia‘ is a very sensitive issue and most-debatable problem in the world. In simple terms – ‘Euthanasia’ means ‘Mercy Killing.‘ we can say, when a patient (of any age) is on death -bed with any incurable disease with high-level of suffering, but taking too long to die, medical processional recommend that, that patient must have the ‘fundamental’ right to die under the supervision of medical experts. In this Process, that desperate patient gives permission to medical professionals and allows them (Written – Legal document) to give a tiny ‘Toxic Dose’ (poisonous – Dose) that can kill the patient instantaneously. A serious debate has been going on in Indian parliament for the last few days. Let’s explore the problem in detail.
Express your views – ‘should ‘Euthanasia’ be allowed in India or not? Write advantages and disadvantages of ‘Administering Euthanasia’ to a patient who is on death – bed.
All about ‘Euthanasia’…
Euthanasia is an ever-lasting debatable global problem. Some countries support it and some don’t. Euthanasia is the practice of ending one’s own life to relieve unbearable pain and suffering. Culturally, no country in the world would support such a grave step as it is considered as suicide and is illegal in every country.In many countries, including India, if somebody tries to commit suicide, that person gets imprisonment. So, it is not a ‘Fundamental Right’ of a person to take one’s own life and it is considered – illegal as per the constitution of any country in the world.
Euthanasia has its own many venomous wings.
Let us observe the following points in medical terminology:
- Non-voluntary Euthanasia (patient’s consent is unavailable) is illegal in all countries.
- Involuntary Euthanasia (without asking consent or against the patient’s will) is also illegal in all countries and is usually considered murder.
- Passive Euthanasia (known as “pulling the plug“) is legal under ‘some circumstances’ in many countries.
- Active Euthanasia, however, is legal or de facto legal in only a handful of countries (ex. Belgium, Canada, Switzerland) and is limited to specific circumstances and the approval of councillors and doctors or other specialists. In some countries such as Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, support for active Euthanasia is almost non-existent.
Most controversial and discussed type of Euthanasia is ‘Passive Euthanasia.’
In a historical judgment – a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Passive Euthanasia, on 9th March 2018, holding that the Right to Life under Article 21 includes easing the process of dying in case of a terminally ill patient or a person in persistent ‘VEGETATIVE’ state with no hope of recovery. This is the first of its kind in Indian judiciary system – pronouncing such a verdict.
It is a shameful situation to the medical professionals and Indian judiciary to say – “A failure to legally recognize advance medical directives may amount to non-facilitation of the right to smoothen the dying process and the right to live with dignity”.
Now the world is laughing at the proficiency of Indian Medical professionals. The world’s medical professionals point of view is if a doctor is not proficient enough – the patient in vegetative state can legally be administered Euthanasia. Many families and courts are considering the financial aspect as the medical bills go up if the patient is in hospital for too long. Now the world is calling corporate Indian doctors ‘Inhuman’
Let’s compare what happens for patients in developed countries, if a patient is on death-bed and there is no chance of him / her getting revived (On – a vegetative state) are on death-bed, medical professionals must take opinions of many other top-notch doctors keeping their factors aside, they should take the permission of the patient if the patient is still in a position to convey his opinion, also they must to talk to the patient’s family members and the neighbours of the patient. Interestingly many politicians of his constituency and finally the senator of the locale gets involved and if the people from majority group of people accept the resultant, then ‘Passive Euthanasia’ is administered. It is a long process.
In the conclusion, we need to understand two points here. Family feuds may encourage ‘Passive Euthanasia’ and also the government’s reluctance to save a person’s life is another cruel factor. If we call ourselves living in a ‘developing country and boasting ourselves – Making India – It’s a shame. India must learn from Israel which is supplying its doctors to many underdeveloped countries to save people. That’s the greatness of ‘Israel’
(Note: Candidates must understand the entire problem and hand-pick the points those that you are well-convinced of. You will never get a chance to write more than 200 to 250 words in any exam. But understanding the insights is important)
See also, Justice Delayed is Justice Denied